PANIC ATTACKS


Do you know the feeling of sudden fear, when suddenly quickens the heartbeat, nausea and gastro-intestinal ailments, the blood rush and you chills? You are sick, and the doctors can not find abnormalities. It is possible that in the Middle Ages, these symptoms are associated with possession by the devil, in the last century was called a black melancholy. Fifteen or twenty years ago, these symptoms are not linked with something specific, and was called "acute reaction to stress."

Meanwhile, panic attack, as it did not sound intimidating the name is neither a sign of life-threatening health disorders, or a harbinger of mental illness. It is only a reaction to the increased mental and physical overload.

Around the world, anxious people are often doomed to be victims. Feelings of fear, panic, anxiety, are socially condemned, deviant phenomena. They also like the concept of "person", or "mind" are under pressure taboo.

Even in developed countries, panic attacks and anxiety disorders are the most dramatic state of mind, and over the years many people are being treated for non-existent disease and suffering, not finding them adequate explanation.

In Russia, about ten million people suffer from anxiety disorders, and most of them are alone and isolated.

Aggression and fear are always close by. If we estimate the degree in the society of unwarranted aggression, it is possible to guess which stocks of fear are a lot of seemingly wealthy people.

Doctors around the world, particularly neurologists, psychiatrists and even many therapists usually do not recognize the term "panic attack" by trying or pretending to study the individual symptoms of the disease, or hang a vague label of "vegetative disorder" or "vegetative dystonia ". Meanwhile, the term "panic attack" is extremely accurate, it also helps the patient to finally definitely call their state, which is a prerequisite for overcoming the disorder.

Common symptoms of a panic attack include:

  • 1. heartbeat
  • 2. The tide of blood, chills
  • 3. A sense of suffocation, tightness of breath
  • 4. Tremor (shaking)
  • 5. Confusion, dizziness
  • 6. Sweating
  • 7. Chest Pain
  • 8. Choke
  • 9. Fear of death
  • 10. Fear of going crazy or losing control
  • 11. Gastrointestinal Disorders
  • 12. Feeling faint
  • 13. The feeling of hearing loss
  • 14. The feeling of depersonalization or derealization

In accordance with the classification of the American Society of Psychiatrists panic attack occurs in cases where an attack of fear has at least four of the fourteen listed the symptoms and if the accompanying ailments reach their peak within ten minutes and terminated not later than two hours.


To treat panic attacks, it is not easy. First of all, you must exclude the following diseases and ailments:

  • Low or high thyroid function;
  • Some heart diseases such as angina or arrhythmia example;
  • Diseases of the respiratory system, as well as too frequent and shallow breathing caused by them (hyperventilation). These include especially asthma and chronic bronchitis;
  • Low blood sugar in diabetics (hypoglycemia);
  • Neurological disorders;
  • Withdrawal symptoms, or abuse of alcohol or narcotics;
  • Hormonal disorders associated with the adrenal glands;
  • Attacks of hypotension or other organic changes associated with infection or trauma.
  • It should be avoided to put a diagnosis on their own and to remember that illnesses that trigger symptoms similar to the symptoms of a panic attack, do not occur suddenly and are less common than panic attacks associated with stress, and mental and physical overload. It is best to visit separately enodokrinologa, cardiologist, neurologist, and therapist and pass all necessary tests (at least - EEG, ECG, blood sugar, thyroid hormones, adrenaline, noradrenaline).

    Should be avoided unless absolutely necessary psychiatrists and psychics, healers and unscrupulous advisers. If possible, avoid taking also called neuroleptics (antipsychotic). This class of powerful psychotropic drugs that are able to quickly remove the fear and anxiety, but can also cause a variety of side effects, to fix a variety of motor and autonomic dysfunction and delay the time when you will no longer feel my body stranger.

    For relief of panic attacks make good use of the weaker and safer than antipsychotics drugs, such as clonazepam, Phenazepamum, relanium. The minimum number of (for example, a quarter of a tablet of clonazepam) must be put under the tongue, slowly sucking, relax, engage in auto-training and deep (abdominal) breathing slow, but not hyperventilation. Find out in advance the telephone number of confidence in your city or region and call to talk or seek advice if you are ill.

    As a supporting pharmacological treatments are best used XANAX (Alprazolam) - an effective drug approved specifically for long-term treatment of panic disorder. Remember - undesirable abruptly stop treatment Xanax, prescribed dose should be reduced immediately after sustained improvement, but only a week or two, otherwise the treatment may become useless. Avoid drinking three or four or five different medications at the same time (to write a lot of products like our psychiatrists and neurologists). Along with Xanax in case of depression may drink an antidepressant that is most appropriate for you.

    Pharmacological treatment is only supportive! At the same time it is necessary:


  • - Teach family to help you and respond to your attacks, preferably with the help of a good therapist;
  • - Start to regularly visit a therapist and tune in to the long months of hard work.

  • Be sure that in this case you are fully defeat the disease.