Main causes of high blood pressure

One in five people in the world has high blood pressure. This disease takes more lives than cancer, AIDS and tuberculosis combined. However, not everyone knows about the causes of this disease.

Sick kidneys

There are quite a few diseases, the consequence of which is a deterioration of renal blood flow. In these conditions, the kidneys release the hormone renin into the bloodstream, which triggers a whole cascade of biochemical reactions of the renin-angiotensin system. Which leads to an increase in blood pressure, resulting in improved blood flow through the renal blood vessels.

High levels of adrenaline

This hormone is produced by the adrenal glands in response to various stressful situations in a person’s life. Adrenaline narrows the blood vessels, causing the heart to have to push the same volume of blood, only through a smaller diameter. This is what leads to an increase in blood pressure. Another cause of high levels of this hormone in the blood is an adrenal tumor, which will produce adrenaline uncontrollably.

Blood clotting

If a person does not lead an active lifestyle, consumes a large amount of sweets, fried and fatty foods, and his diet contains almost no fruits and vegetables, this leads to obesity. And the consequence of this is an increase in blood pressure.

Smoking, alcohol, drugs, drinking a lot of coffee

All this negatively affects the indicators of your blood pressure, as you yourself know.

Unbalanced diet

The absence in the body of such micronutrients as potassium and magnesium leads to hypertension. With their deficiency, the tone of blood vessels increases, which is the cause of this disease.

Hyperfunction of the thyroid gland

An excessive amount of thyroxine – a hormone produced by the thyroid gland, in the body leads to an increase in blood pressure.

Nowadays, there are a large number of drugs that lower blood pressure, many treatment schemes, but without eliminating the root cause of this pathology and without consulting a specialist, their reception will not bring the desired effect.

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